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Learn about Stalking

Addressing the Impact

About Stalking

Stalking became a criminal offence on 25th November 2012. Stalking is not legally defined but may include contacting/attempting to contact, publishing images or material about the victim, monitoring the victim (including online), loitering in a public or private place, interfering with property, watching, or spying. This is a non-exhaustive list which means that behaviour which is not described above may also be seen as stalking.

About Stalking

  • FOLLOWING

  • CONTACTING

  • ONLINE

  • MONITORING

  • LOITERING

  • DAMAGING

  • SPYING

Research

Studies show that 75% of victims know their stalker in some way, but a stalker isn’t always a stereotypical jilted lover or jealous spouse. In fact, many stalkers may have no romantic interest in the victim, rather they see them as a possession to be owned or controlled. It is important to remember that being stalked is not your fault. Whether or not you know the stalker, whether or not you’ve had contact with them or have asked them to stop, no one has the right to invade your privacy or to make you feel uncomfortable or scared.

Types of Stalker

Types of Stalker

  • Rejected Stalker commences stalking after the breakdown of an important relationship that was usually, but not always, sexually intimate in nature. In this group the stalking reflects a desire for reconciliation, revenge, or a fluctuating mixture of both

  • Intimacy Seeker desires a relationship with someone who has engaged his or her affection and who, he or she is convinced, already does, or will, reciprocate that love despite obvious evidence to the contrary

  • Incompetent Suitor also engages in stalking to establish a relationship. However, unlike the Intimacy Seeker, he or she is simply seeking a date or a sexual encounter

  • Resentful Stalker sets out to frighten and distress the victim to exact revenge for an actual or supposed injury. Resentful are differentiated from Rejected Stalkers in that the cause of their resentment does not lie in rejection from an intimate relationship

  • Predatory Stalker engages in pursuit behaviour in order to obtain sexual gratification

Women’s Aid Findings


The charity Women's Aid said improving understanding of domestic homicides could help save lives. Head of communications Teresa Parker said: "We know that controlling and coercive behaviour underpins the vast majority of domestic homicides, and this [is] why it is vital that we take non-physical abuse as seriously as physical abuse when considering a woman's safety.


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Cyber Stalking

Get Safe OnlineSuzy LamplughNCCR

Cyberstalking as an extension of ‘offline’ stalking and is considered as online contact by stalkers with their victims as one of many tools in the stalker’s arsenal, rather than an isolated crime in itself. The majority of cases the National Stalking Helpline deal with involve elements of both online contact, for example emails or messages posted on social networking sites, and offline contact, for example sending gifts or following. Cyberstalking should be treated as seriously as stalking and we think there should be a consistent response to victims of stalking, whether the stalking takes place online or offline.

- Suzy Lamplugh Trust

NATIONAL STALKING HELPLINE:

KEEP ANY PROOF OF CYBERSTALKING. At a recent conference held by The Alice Ruggles Trust Karen Morgan-Read (Crown Prosecution Service Strategy Policy & Operations Division) delivered ‘Tackling Stalking Together’.

KEEP RECORDS OF CONTACTS ONLINE

KEEP SCREEN SHOTS

KEEP YOUR TEXTS AND EMAILS (OR COPIES)

KEEP VOICEMAILS